The idea of ‘doing theatre’ as a means to support different groups experiencing disadvantage or at risk of social exclusion is quite ancient.
Using theatre as methodology to support people from disadvantaged areas and communities including those at risk of social exclusion, is a long established practise. There are numerous examples of socially engaged arts practice to be found across Europe highlighting the benefits and effectiveness of using theatre as a creative methodology for working with people of all ages exploring and addressing a range of social concerns. The artistic medium of theatre is used to develop key competences and skills, to increase confidence and self-esteem and to promote social inclusion.
A key example of best practice within an Italian context is the Community of San Patrignano, one of the partners in the European project Restore. San Patrignano use theatre to promote the rehabilitation of people in recovery from drug addiction with the work being presented in a range of prestigious theatres including Piccolo di Milano, Olimpico di Vicenza and within the Festival Pirandelliano. Other examples within Italy that have gained international recognition and visibility is the Taviani docu-drama ‘Cesare deve morire’, winner of the Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival in 2012 and interpreted by a group of detainees of the Roman Rebibbia prison. Similarly, the Compagnia della Fortezza by Armando Punzo is another well-known example of theatre in prison, involving people with disabilities in cinema and theatre performances working under director Pippo del Bono.
A unique form of theatre that began in Brazil during the 1980’s and which has become very popular across the globe because of its transversal applicability and adaptability is Theatre of the Oppressed created by Augusto Boal. In Theatre of the Oppressed, the audience become ‘spect-actors’ and can directly intervene in and change the dramatic content.
In Ireland Smashing Times have successfully developed a unique model of theatre facilitation practice using creative methodologies of theatre games, exercises, image theatre and improvisation to promote equality and rights with a range of diverse groups. Smashing Times established the first ever training programme in theatre facilitation at university level with UCD and the company have established a panel of passionate, professional artist and theatre makers who use applied theatre as a tool for theatrical, artistic and cultural promotion and for positive social change. The company use professional theatre facilitation practice within five key areas: peace building and democracy; historical memory and storytelling; physical and positive health and well-being and suicide prevention (creative arts for health and well-being); climate justice and in the provision of actor training.
The Restore European partner project aims to promote cooperation and an exchange of best practice amongst seven European organisations to increase training opportunities for professionals working in the field of socially engaged theatre practice. The aims are to promote social engaged theatre practice as an effective tool to promote social inclusion for adult learners experiencing disadvantage and to strengthen cooperation and facilitate the exchange of good practices in the field of non-formal education among partner organisations. The project will create a professional profile for the role of a Theatre Facilitator working in social and community contexts; develop a training course for a Theatre Facilitator working in Social and Community Contexts; and identify methodological guidelines for validation, accreditation and certification at national levels.
The project is supported by Erasmus+ and the seven partners are Oltre le Parole, Italy (lead partner); Smashing Times, Dublin, Ireland; Comunità San Patrignano Società Cooperativa Sociale, Rimini, Italy; Bielskie Stowarzyszenie Artystyczne ‘Teatr Grodzki’, Poland; PELE, Associação Social e Cultural, Portugal; Magenta Consultoria projects SL, Spain; and ProSoc – Drustvo Za Implementacijo Projektov in Razvoj Socialnega Podjetnistva, Slovenia.
The project aims to promote cooperation and the exchange of good practices at a European level and take advantage of the EU transparency and recognition tools to increase the training opportunities and employability of professionals working in the field of Social Theatre. The project includes curriculum development, training in Spain on EU transparency and recognition tools and pilot testing of the new course to test and validate the training. The project culminates in an international event to be held in San Patrignano (Italy) supported by Regione Emilia Romagna and the other partner organisations.
In particular, the specific objectives of the project are:
- To promote the diffusion of Social and Community Theatre as an effective means for the social inclusion of adult learners experiencing disadvantage
- To strengthen cooperation and facilitate the exchange of good practices in the field of non-formal education among partner organisations
- To jointly develop and validate a training course for arts facilitators
- To boost a process for the recognition and standardisation at EU level of a theatre facilitator as a professional figure defined in terms of knowledge, competences and skills
The main target groups addressed by the project can be identified at three levels:
- Non-profit organisations supporting different groups of adult learners experiencing disadvantage
- Professional artists, adult educators and volunteers working in the field of Social and Community Theatre
- Groups at high risk of social exclusion and segregation such as migrants, people with disabilities, prisoners, ethnic minorities, people in recovery from drug addiction, NEETs, etc.
Kindly funded by the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union.
Click below to view the Restore video presentation.